Then and Now in the Library: UofL Libraries Promo Video from 1986 Highlights Big Changes

Perhaps nothing terrifies a college student like the research paper: finding a topic, creating an original thesis, searching and vetting sources, reading thoroughly, writing meaningfully – all difficult, time consuming tasks requiring focus and perseverance.

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“Cleopatra” showing her Libraries card.

However, today’s technologically transformed library offers students tools that vastly simplify the research process. Sources emerge with a finger swipe, and incorporating them into a paper is simpler with an online library catalog. Compared with 30, even 20 years ago, searching and finding sources today has never been more streamlined, and academic research has benefited.

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Accompanied by Yaz, the snake (at left), from the Louisville Zoo.

Students curious about library research methods pre-Internet – or promotional videos from the mid-‘80s – should see this quirky, parodical video, made in 1986 to feature Ekstrom Library, which had been built five years earlier. Unearthed recently by Anna Marie Johnson, UofL Libraries Head of Research Assistance and Instruction, the video is interspersed with tongue-in-cheek “ads” promoting various library resources (one features Cleopatra requesting information on asps, a large python curling nearby). It presents a pseudo-athletic event, held in Ekstrom library, in which two students compete to find information the fastest on an obscure subject (“squirrel cage motors” and “dancing mice”) using the various tools in the library.

In the video, students confront the difficult “athletic” challenge of conducting research, something intended as parody. However, compared with today’s research methods, the students’ tasks do indeed look athletic.

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The two “competitors” were UofL basketball (then) rising star Pervis Ellison, and (then) SGA President Angela McCormick (now a Jefferson County Circuit Court Judge).

“Conducting research was very different from today’s methods,” says Johnson. “In fact, back then the process of finding a scholarly journal article involved several time-consuming steps in three separate locations.”

“First, you had to find the right subject index. So, if you were looking for articles in psychology, you needed to know that there was such a thing as Psychological Abstracts and that those were located in the reference section of the library. In addition, if you wanted all the articles on your topic for the last five years, it would likely involve paging through multiple volumes of the Abstracts.”

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University Libraries Archivist Tom Owen (l) introduced the competition for viewers.

“Once you settled on some articles – which may have required you to also look up a journal abbreviation since the journal names were often abbreviated to save space – and wrote down the citations , you had to look at a printed list, which was often on a different table or shelf, of all the journals the library subscribed to in order to determine if the articles you wanted were in the library.”

“Remember, there were no cell phones handy to take pictures of your citations,” she added.

“Finally, you would take your list of citations upstairs to the journal stacks and choose the correct bound volume of the journal that you needed.”

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An erudite gorilla peruses a rare book in Archives and Special Collections’ research room.

“Contrast that with today,” Johnson goes on. “You probably are not even walking into the library, but you are accessing a database on the web that Ekstrom Library subscribes to, searching 50 years of those printed volumes, and with often one or two subsequent clicks, finding a PDF of the article you’re seeking, all without leaving your couch.”

So while we sympathize with students confronting their first college research paper, we can say this: researching a topic today is wildly more convenient than in years past, and as a result, the act of writing, research, and even thinking, can be deeper, better synthesized, and stronger.

You can see the video for yourself here.


Libraries Upgrade Cloud-Based Catalog and Management System

As many of you are aware, the University of Louisville Libraries system is upgrading its catalog to the latest version, OCLC’s WorldCat Discovery, a cloud-based system. The upgrade, scheduled for early June, will enhance search capacity, expand user services, and continue to meet the evolving requirements of library faculty and staff.
Most of the changes will be minor shifts in the interface or functionality, but you may also notice changes in:
• The login screen for off-campus access.
• The process for renewing books online.
• The process for requesting items from the Robotic Retrieval System.
• The Journal Finder.
All changes will be described in this WorldCat Discovery Guide. (Please check back as the guide will be regularly updated).
Simultaneous to the switch of the catalog, a much larger transition will be happening behind the scenes, on the library staff side of the system. The UofL Libraries will move from the Ex Libris Voyager system, in use since 1998, to OCLC’s WorldShare Management System (WMS). The change in workflow is significant, as WMS’s technology represents an evolution to a cloud-based system of library operations. While some issues are inevitable in a transition of this scale, the Libraries will strive to minimize the impact on patron services.
Three other Kentucky universities, Eastern Kentucky University, Kentucky State University, Northern Kentucky University, have either gone live, or plan to soon, with WorldCat Discovery. Over 325 libraries in three countries are currently using WMS to share bibliographic records, publisher and knowledge base data, vendor records, serials patterns and more. UofL Libraries will be the third Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member to use the system.
The UofL Libraries apologizes in advance for any inconvenience caused by this upgrade, and welcomes your feedback on the new system. For any additional questions, please contact the Libraries’ WMS team: Tyler Goldberg (stgold01@exchange.louisville.edu), Randy Kuehn (rtkueh01@exchange.louisville.edu) or Weiling Liu (w0liu001@exchange.louisville.edu).


Samuel W. Thomas: Tribute to a researcher

Today’s guest blogger is Delinda Stephens Buie, Head of Special Collections at Ekstrom Library.

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Samuel W. Thomas, researching in the Photographic Archives, 1992. Photograph by Bill Carner.

In a career spanning decades Samuel W. Thomas has traveled Kentucky and Southern Indiana, looked into every file, talked to every person, and pursued every lead, to produce more than twenty meticulously researched volumes on Louisville’s communities and institutions.  Samuel W. Thomas – Dr. Thomas – Sam — was the Photo Archives’ first serious researcher in the late 1960s when he traced the sources of photographs in the R.G. Potter Collection and produced his first book: Views of Louisville Since 1766, in 1971.  He since has begun research for each of his books at the Photographic Archives, sifting through thousands of prints and negatives.

This year the Photographic Archives celebrates its 50th anniversary, and Samuel W. Thomas has given us the best ever gift:  his research archive. With over 200 linear feet of archives, the collection comprises box after box: brimming with photographs, drafts, audio tapes, architectural plans, maps, and more.  An exhibition in the Photographic Archives gallery runs through October 25 but the books and 60 photographs displayed provide only a glimpse of the rich resources in the Samuel W. Thomas Research Collection.  Photographic Archives staff will prepare a finding aid before opening the collection to the public next year.

It has been nearly 40 years since I first met Samuel W. Thomas in the upstairs manuscripts room of the old Filson club on Breckinridge Street.  I gulped to realize that the author of Views of Louisville was sitting just on the other side of the table,  but Sam even then took his accomplishments lightly – and shared his sources generously. He showed me a letter written by George Rogers Clark just after the Revolutionary War. We marveled together at how the General seemed to be looking for words to express his new sense of identity as an American, and, for the first time, I heard Samuel W. Thomas say, “Isn’t that something?”  In the years since, many of us have heard him say those words often, and we have shared his gifts of wonder and discovery on each page of each of his books.

Delinda Stephens Buie
Head, Special Collections


Don’t lose that thought!

Have you ever been walking along and suddenly think of something you need to add to your research paper, but by the time you get to your computer you can’t remember what it was? It happens to all of us. I get some of my best thoughts when I’m walking my dog and then poof! it’s gone.

If you’re carrying a smartphone you can always do a quick voice recording, but there’s new technology out there that can take it a step further. One program is Dragon Naturally Speaking, a speech recognition program that produces a text document for you.  Then you can search your thoughts and edit them into your paper!

Even if you don’t have the cash to buy fancy programs like this you can still use the power of speech to jump start your research project. Just sit down with some kind of recording device and start talking. It’s a good way to find out what you know about the topic and what you still need to know without the stress of facing that blank computer screen.