After all, everything is available online and students can simply Google anything they need, right? Well, evidently not. Demand for library instruction is growing, and surveys indicate both students and faculty value the help they receive from UofL Libraries.
During the 2013-2014 academic year, librarians in Ekstrom Library’s reference department taught 255 class sessions involving 5030 students. While almost half were introductory level classes in English, Communication, Campus Culture, and the like, about a third were associated with upper level classes in Arts & Sciences, Business, Education, Engineering, and Social Work. The remainder involved graduate students in the same colleges. A few students may have attended more than one class, but generally there is little overlap. We estimate that in a single school year roughly 40% of UofL underclassmen and about 20% of upperclassmen and graduate students participate in at least one class session led by a librarian.
Over the past two years, the number of students attending library class sessions has increased by 34% and the number of sessions has increased 16%. The largest gain has been in upper level undergraduate classes, particularly in Arts & Sciences and Social Work. Our librarians now work with more than 70 professors to tailor class sessions and/or research guides to specific upper level and graduate classes.
Last academic year reference department librarians also met with over 225 students and faculty in scheduled research appointments involving 1 to 5 people. Unfortunately we only have comparable statistics for the last nine months of the 2011-2012 school year, but they show that research appointments have increased by about 56% over the past two years.
We believe the growing number of requests is the best indication that professors and students think library sessions are good investments of their time. This is supported by several recent assessments. In UofL Libraries Spring 2014 tracking study, almost two-thirds of undergraduates and about three-quarters of graduate students and faculty who responded to a class instruction question said they were very or somewhat satisfied with classes at Ekstrom Library. Similarly, 72-84% said they were very/somewhat satisfied with “research assistance from a librarian.”
Earlier this year our Information Literacy group also sent an assessment survey to professors and instructors who scheduled classes with librarians in Fall 2013 or Spring 2014. Seventy-two percent of respondents rated “the overall quality of the library and research sessions offered at Ekstrom Library” as excellent on a five-point poor to excellent scale. In addition, 75% strongly agreed that “the library session was relevant to my students’ needs.”
So even in a world where students have the Internet in their pockets and backpacks, and are able to access ebooks, online databases, and countless facts with their fingertips, both students and faculty appear to appreciate the role librarians can play in helping them locate, evaluate, and effectively use information in college level research. If you would like to schedule a library class session, please contact your subject specialist, call Josh Whitacre at 852-8699, or complete our class request form. If you want to schedule a research appointment, please submit your request here.
by Barbara Whitener
British pop culture was just beginning to spread worldwide in 1963. The Beatles first album Please Please Me was released, James Bond was on the screen in From Russia with Love, The Avengers staring Patrick Macnee and Diana Rigg was on the television airwaves. This year also saw the beginning of Doctor Who a television program that The New Yorker calls “the most original science-fiction television series ever made.” Beginning as a British phenomenon, Doctor Who is now more popular than ever and has a worldwide following estimated at over 100 million.
What is the appeal of this 50 year old science fiction television show? The hallmark of Doctor Who is the humanity and compassion that pervades every episode. The Doctor and his companions care about all beings and believe that life is important and should be defended. Wrongs are addressed by the Doctor but rarely with violence. It is not unusual that when an enemy is brought down, the Doctor is there to comfort the dying villain. The Doctor is a Time Lord but no superhero. There is a vulnerability, sadness and solitary aspect to this time traveling alien. But above all there is in Doctor Who a sense of wonder and respect for the universe and its inhabitants and a hope that we will learn to understand ourselves and others better. The Doctor moves throughout the galaxy in time and space and during these travels we see mirrors of our own society.
Doctor Who like much of science fiction addresses issues we see daily in the newspaper headlines. It addresses war, genocide, terrorism, totalitarianism, race relations, diversity, equality, technology, family , responsibility, and as one article mentioned – a way to deal with the fears we face as a society. But lest we forget, there is also fun and adventure along the way.
What didn’t I get around to discussing? Doctor Who isn’t complete without knowing about the TARDIS, Daleks, the Cybermen, regeneration, and the sonic screwdriver. If you are a geek or just a Whovian, Ekstrom has many resources that will satisfy your longing to get to know The Doctor better.
Want to watch the episodes? Media has DVDs of the original series (1963-1989) including Doctor Who: The beginning. This consists of 3 serials with a total of 13 episodes. The rebooted series (2005-) 1-7, the Complete Specials, and The Next Doctor are available.
Articles? There are thousands of articles that run the gamut from popular magazine articles to serious academic studies. Interested in the history of Doctor Who? There are many articles that examine the television program including “The Man In The Box” , “Fifty Years in the TARDIS: The Historical Moments of Doctor Who” and “Revenge of the Geeks, Fifty Years of Doctor Who.” These and many more articles can be found in multiple databases including Google Scholar, EBSCO Academic Search Complete, ProQuest Direct. International Index to Performing Arts, Film & Television Literature Index, Humanities Index, MLA International Bibliography, Sociological Abstracts, PsycInfo, Business Source Premier, and Historical Abstracts.
Many books are available. You can pick up and read a Doctor Who novel such as Doctor Who: The Wheel of Ice by Stephen Baxter. Our holdings are not extensive so if the pickings too slim here in Ekstrom, try the Louisville Free Public Library, bookstores or Amazon. There are about 200 tie-in or spin-off novels that follow the voyages of The Doctor.
Non-fiction books about Doctor Who are numerous including Science Fiction Audiences: Watching Doctor Who and Star Trek. There are many general science fiction books and encyclopedias that cover the phenomena and history of Doctor Who. Two examples are: The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction and The History of Science Fiction.
By James E. Manasco
Did you know that Ekstrom Library has an Engineering and Physical Sciences Librarian? Well, yes, it does! I’m James Manasco and I’m your friendly, neighborhood Science Librarian. You may be asking yourself, “Self, what is a Science Librarian?” Librarians come in many flavors, from catalogers, to reference librarians, to metadata creators to administrators. Science Librarians specialize in helping folks with questions in the Physical Sciences and Engineering. Science Librarians have experience or education (or both) in the realm of the sciences. How can you trust me to help you with your science information needs? Good question! Here’s a little bit of information about me:
I began my career in science libraries by serving as the Head Technician at the Chemistry/Physics Library of the University of Kentucky from 1991-1996. While I served Chem/Phys, I completed both my Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees (American History and Library and Information Science, respectively). In my first professional post, I served The Colorado College in Colorado Springs, Colorado as their Natural Sciences Liaison Librarian (the second to serve in that role) from 1996-1999. I returned to the University of Kentucky in late 1999 when I assumed the position of Head Librarian for the Robert E. Shaver Library of Engineering. I stayed there until June of 2003, when I made the jump to the Kornhauser Health Sciences Library here at UofL, where I served for year before transferring to the Special Collections Department in the summer of 2004. I then added Collection Development in 2006 and finally relinquished Special Collections in 2009. Beginning in January 2014, I moved to my current position. All in all, I have worked in academic libraries for over 27 years.
A good librarian is professionally active and I have been fortunate to build a strong network with other information professional in the sciences and other specialized fields thanks to my involvement with the Special Libraries Association (SLA), an international association of information professionals. I have served the Association as President of the Kentucky Chapter (twice) and Chair of the Science-Technology and Information Technology Divisions. I also served as Chair of the association’s 2010 Conference Advisory Council. I have been honored several times and have received the 2007 Outstanding Chapter Member Award and the 2003-2004 Professional Award from the Kentucky Chapter; the 2010 Impossible Award from the Science-Technology Division for editing the multi-division bulletin Sci-Tech News and was named a Fellow of SLA in 2010.
All of this is just a very long way to let you know that I may have a passing familiarity with the field of science librarianship. I am more than willing to meet with you individually to help with your research and I can certainly serve faculty by providing instruction for your classes. I can be found in the Reference Department of Ekstrom Library, but following is my complete contact information. I look forward to serving you!
James E. Manasco
Engineering & Physical Sciences LIbrarian
140 Ekstrom Library
University of Louisville
If you logged into the Literature Online (LION) database this summer, you might have noticed its sleek new design. Although the depth of LION’s content—journal articles, author biographies, various reference works, full-text poetry and prose—has always made it one of the best databases for literary research, the previous interface was a bit clunky and difficult to use. Unsurprisingly, we tend to avoid databases with cluttered screen layouts and incoherent search results, despite the quality of the content. We rightly expect more from our technology.
Given that the old LION was no spring chicken, it was clearly time for an update. And I’m happy to report that the new version represents a marked improvement over the previous iteration, especially in regard to the initial search screen. It’s much easier to determine the different types of content included in the database, and the menu options facilitate searching and browsing in a more intuitive manner. If you search all the content at once using the main search box, the results remain a little challenging to parse. However, the overall look is cleaner, so you should be able to find what you’re looking for after a few seconds of scanning.
It’s worth taking the time to familiarize yourself with LION because it’s an ideal starting point for literary research across all genres and periods, particularly for undergraduate researchers. If you need background information, you’ll find numerous short critical biographies of notable authors, as well as cross-searchable full-text reference titles such as The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms and The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Even more significantly, you can cross-search the MLA International Bibliography and the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL), making LION a one-stop shop of sorts for literary criticism. Finally, you can locate actual full-text literary works (over 350,000) and unique audio and video recordings. For instance, I found a very cool video of Nikki Giovanni reading “The Weary Blues” by Langston Hughes.
To learn more about LION and other online resources for literary research, including Project MUSE and The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism, check out our Literature Research Guide.
Sarah Carter assumed the title of Director of Bridwell Art Library and Assistant Professor on April 21st, 2014. In order to share some of her background and personality, she agreed to interview herself.
Q. What is your background, Sarah?
In my last job I was an Instruction and Research Services Librarian at Ringling College of Art and Design. I created an instruction program designed to teach research skills to undergraduate art and design students. Before that, I worked with art history and studio art faculty & students as the Circulation Supervisor of the Fine Arts Library at Indiana University, Bloomington.
Q. Where did you go to school?
My undergraduate degree is from Smith College in Art History and Italian Language and Literature. My graduate degrees are an MA in Art History and an MLS, both from Indiana University.
Q. Where are you from?
I just moved to Louisville from Sarasota, FL. However, I grew up in a suburb of Indianapolis, and I am very happy to be back in the Midwest.
Q. What are you most excited about at UofL?
I love that Bridwell Art Library has these special books called “artist’s books,” which is a category of publication/artwork in which artists push boundaries by interpreting the definition of what a “book” is. For example, we have a limited edition fine press book that is printed entirely on paper towels. The work is absolutely exquisite! I know quite a bit about this category of artist’s books, and can’t wait to show them off to students and faculty.
Q. Who is your favorite artist?
Well, I really can’t choose one favorite artist. I really love the work of Kurt Schwitters, a German collage artist. I also was inspired as a child by the shapes and movements of Alexander Calder’s mobiles. In my last job, I developed an appreciation for the work of filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki. Other favorites include Hundertwasser, James Turrell, Tara Donovan, Vik Muniz, and Janet Echelman.
Q. What kinds of things will you be doing in your job as Director of Bridwell Library?
I’ll be doing a lot of listening to students and faculty in my first year to understand the rich history and tradition of the Hite Art Institute. I’ll also be attending gallery openings and looking at local artwork. Other things that I will do include answering reference questions from the community, teaching research skills to students, and buying books for Bridwell library.
Q. Do you have a favorite sports team?
I love roller derby, and can’t wait to support the Derby City Rollergirls in their next season!
By Rosalinda Hernandez Linares
One of my recent summer reads was L.A. son : my life, my city, my food, a cookbook and memoir written by well-known chef Roy Choi. A fascinating read about street culture and growing up in the diverse landscape of Los Angeles, the recipes in the book were phenomenal. I became curious about the history of cookbooks, so I did a little digging.
The earliest Western book of recipes was compiled somewhere around the 4th or 5th century, C.E. Although the writer is unknown, the ten book work is attributed to Marcus Gavius Apicius, a notorious foodie in 1st century C.E. Rome, as noted by the first English translator, Joseph Dommers Vehling. The text is often referred to as De Re Coquinaria, or On the subject of Cooking. Each of the ten books are arranged much like a modern cookbook, with chapters focused on types of food, such as the garden, birds, and four-legged animals.
A sample recipe, roughly translated:
Beans and chickpeas
- Green beans and chickpeas are served with salt, cumin, olive oil, and a bit of unwatered wine
- Another way: beans and chickpeas are cooked in a wine sauce and seasoned with pepper, and boiled, in a rich way, with eggs, green fennel, broth, and served with a little reduced wine on a small plate, or more simply, as you are accustomed.
Care to take a look at the Latin text? You can find it in our library at Decem libri cui [i.e. qui] dicuntur de re coquinaria et excerpta a Vinidario conscripta
Moving through the centuries to 16th century England, cookbooks really hit their stride amongst the nobles, who tried to outdo each other with not only recipes, but descriptions of outlandish feasts given in their households. The average palate ‘evidently liked their dishes strongly seasoned and piquant’, as noted by 19th century cookbook publisher Thomas Austin.
How to bake watered Herrings.
Let your herrings be wel watered, and season them with Pepper and a little Cloves and Spice, and put but a …minced Onions, great Raisins and …, a little sweet butter, and a little Sugar and so bake them.
Find more recipes in the database Early English Books Online under the subject search term ‘cookery’.
Across the pond to the Americas, two intact anonymous manuscripts outline Colonial Mexican cooking in the 18th century, including many recipes, but as with the others no measurements or little indications of proportion sizes. In his introduction to a recent edition, Enrique Asensio Ortega, Mexican historical food writer, notes that this common method of recipe writing is more indicative of recipes as an historical ledger, whereas the deftly-handed cooks of the time would know how to season and how long to cook the meal.
While cooking chicken or ham, put in chorizo, yerba buena, onions, salt, lard, vinegar, chilies, olives, capers, and thicken with a little piece of toasted bread, together with oil and vinegar.
Spanish readers can find the book at Dos manuscritos mexicanos de cocina : siglo XVIII.
And now back to Kentucky, and its culinary predecessors. In her latest book, Fiona Young-Brown traces local recipes all the way back to their German, Irish, Scottish, and Cherokee (to name a few) roots. Check out all the classics in A culinary history of Kentucky: burgoo, beer cheese, and goetta.
Find more cookbooks up on the 4th floor in the TX 350-750 call number range. Enjoy, and happy eating!
*All translations by the author of the post
Have you heard about the Libraries Student Advisory Board (LSAB). No? Well here’s an opportunity to get engaged and shape your library.
The board was started in 2011 to help the libraries learn more about our users and our community and meet their evolving needs. It also allows the libraries to explore effective and creative responses to our users’ learning and research behaviors.
We usually meet 4-6 times per academic year, with each meeting lasting around an hour. We also expect each member to commit to attend at least 2 meetings per year, attend at least one library event, and utilize one library service that they wouldn’t ordinarily use.
What do you talk about?
Most recently we’ve been focusing on 1st floor space issues and needs. But in the past we’ve addressed things like increasing hours, availability of electrical outlets, and quiet study space.
How can I join?
Want to join the conversation? Drop us a line! We’d love to hear from you. All currently enrolled students (that includes you, too, graduate students) are invited to become a member.